Wolf teeth are non-functional (vestigial) remnants of the first premolar teeth that occur in a high percentage of young horses. They are located just in front of the row of cheek teeth. They usually develop by 9-18 months of age, are small (about the size of a pea or smaller) and pointed.
Most wolf teeth are upper teeth, as lower wolf teeth are rare. A high percentage of females than males have wolf teeth.
In some cases, wolf teeth can create pain or irritation when mouth tissues are pinched between them and a bit. Due to this, they are often removed.
In our vet practice, we remove wolf teeth in male horses during routine castrations.
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Prognosis & Relevant Factors
The prognosis is excellent after extraction of wolf teeth.
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