Tularemia is a bacterial disease caused by the bacteria Francisella tularensis, that affects many mammals, particularly rabbits, hares, and various rodents. This disease is transmitted by ticks, lice, mosquitos, horseflies and biting flies. It can also be transmitted via ingestion and inhalation. It is very rarely reported in horses and when it is, it is often accompanied by a severe tick infestation. Signs of this disease in horses apparently include fever, shortness of breath (dyspnea), incoordination, and depression.
Tularemia is a reportable disease, meaning that if a horse has or is suspected of having this disease, vets are required to report it to agricultural authorities (usually the State Veterinarian). These authorities may investigate the case as part of a larger effort to monitor equine health and coordinate with other states and the USDA APHIS in preventing the spread of illness or disease on a national and international level.
Tularemia is a zoonotic disease, meaning that it can be transferred from an infected animal to humans who handle or are bitten by infected animals. If you have been exposed to a horse or other animal with (or suspected of having) Tularemia you should contact your doctor.
Other Diagnoses Considered
Treatments May Include
Prognosis & Relevant Factors
The prognosis is fair to good with appropriate antibiotic treatment.
I Might ObserveRelated Observations
QUESTIONS TO ASK MY VET